|Alternative names||2-APV, D-APV|
|Customer comments|| |
I made the discovery that the NMDA receptor is the trigger for the induction of LTP using D-AP5 synthesized by Jeff Watkins, the discoverer of the NMDA receptor... I now obtain my D-AP5 from Hello Bio. I love their products and ethos and that is why I accepted a position on their Scientific Advisory Board.
Professor Graham Collingridge, winner of The Brain Prize, 2016
My lab used D-AP5 from Hello Bio and were very happy with it. It behaved exactly as expected! Professor Kei Cho, Chair of Neuroscience, University of Bristol, UK (Hello Bio Scientific Advisory Board Member)
My lab is very satisfied with your D-AP5 quality and price. Verified customer, European Brain Research Institute (EBRI)
I used to buy D-AP5 from another company, but Hello Bio is far more cost-effective and works great in our experiments. Verified customer, University of South Carolina
The D-AP5 works as expected, great price. Verified customer, UCSF
Selective, competitive NMDA receptor antagonist. Inhibits NMDAR-synaptic plasticity.
|Biological description|| |
Widely used, selective and competitive NMDA receptor antagonist which binds at the glutamate site. It is the more active form of DL-AP5.
|Application notes|| |
#Figure 1: D-AP5 inhibition of evoked NMDAR mediated EPSCs in mouse cortical neuron
D-AP5 is commonly used to inhibit NMDA mediated synaptic plasticity. It is often used at concentrations of 50 μM. D-AP5 from Hello Bio completely abolishes evoked NMDAR mediated currents at 50 μM and reduces NMDA currents at lower concentrations of 1 and 10 μM (see Fig 1 above).
#Protocol 1: Evoked NMDA receptor currents
#Figure 2: D-AP5 inhibition of NMDAR mediated dendritic plateau potentials in rat CA1 pyramidal neurones.
D-AP5 is commonly used to inhibit NMDA mediated synaptic events such as dendritic plateau potentials. Figure 2 shows that D-AP5 from Hello Bio completely abolishes plateau potential formation at 50µM (see Fig 2 above).
#Protocol 2: Inhibition of NMDAR mediated dendritic plateau potentials in rat CA1 Pyramidal neurones
Solubility & Handling
|Storage instructions||Room temperature|
|Solubility overview||Soluble in water (100mM)|
|Important||This product is for RESEARCH USE ONLY and is not intended for therapeutic or diagnostic use. Not for human or veterinary use.|
|Chemical name||D-(-)-2-Amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid|
References for D-AP5
Age-dependent hippocampal network dysfunction in a mouse model of alpha-synucleinopathyTweedy et al (2018) Thessis : University of Newcastle
NMDA receptors, learning and memory: chronic intraventricular infusion of the NMDA receptor antagonist d-AP5 interacts directly with the neural mechanisms of spatial learning.Morris RG et al (2013) Eur J Neurosci 37(5) : 700-17.
Effects of pre or posttraining dorsal hippocampus D-AP5 injection on fear conditioning to tone, background, and foreground context.Schenberg EE et al (2008) Hippocampus 18(11) : 1089-93.
Actions of D and L forms of 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate and 2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate in the cat spinal cord.Davies J et al (1982) Brain Res 235(2) : 378-86.
Dysregulation of the Basal Ganglia Indirect Pathway in Early Symptomatic Q175 Huntington's Disease MiceCallahan JW et al (2022) J Neurosci 42(10) : 2080-2102PubMedID: 35058372
Pharmacological determination of the fractional block of Nav channels required to impair neuronal excitability and ex vivo seizuresParrish et al (2022) Biorxiv : https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.06.08.494063
Differential spatiotemporal development of Purkinje cell populations and cerebellum-dependent sensorimotor behaviorsBeekhof et al (2021) Elife 2021 : onlinePubMedID: 33973524
GABAA Receptors in Astrocytes Are Targets for Commonly Used Intravenous and Inhalational General Anesthetic DrugsChung W et al (2021) Front Aging Neurosci 13 : 802582PubMedID: 35087395
α3β4* Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors strongly modulate the excitability of VIP neurons in the mouse inferior colliculusRoberts et al (2021) bioRxiv https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.04.13.439708 : doi