CNQX disodium salt

Technical documents: SDS CoA Datasheet

Product overview

Name CNQX disodium salt
Description Potent, competitive AMPA / kainate receptor antagonist. Disodium salt.
Biological description

CNQX disodium salt is a water soluble, potent and competitive AMPA and kainate receptor antagonist. CNQX also antagonizes NMDA receptors at the glycine site.

CNQX increases GABAA receptor spontaneous postsynaptic currents (sPSCs) and also shows neuroprotective actions.

CNQX also available.

Purity >98%
Customer comments

The CNQX is going fine ! Verified customer, IBPS, Inserm, CNRS

It works exactly as it should! Dissolved in water, kept in aliquots in -20 freezer. Verified customers, SickKids (University of Toronto)

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Biological Data

Application notes

The AMPA receptor antagonist CNQX disodium salt is commonly used at concentrations of 10 μM to inhibit the actions of glutamate acting on AMPARs.

CNQX disodium salt from Hello Bio reduces both spontaneous and evoked EPSCs in cortical neurons at concentrations of 1 μM with full AMPA receptor blockade at 10 μM (see Fig 1 above).


#Protocol 1: Evoked and spontaneous excitatory post synaptic currents (EPSCs)

  • Whole cell voltage clamp recordings were obtained from layer V neurons of the mouse prelimbic cortex brain slice.
  •  EPSCs were evoked via a stimulating electrode placed in layers II/III delivering a single square (150 μs) pulse every 10 sec at an intensity that gave a reliable EPSC.
  • Neurons were held at -70 to -60 mV (the reversal potential of GABA currents). EPSCs were continuously stimulated and recorded in response to 5 min applications of varying concentrations of CNQX disodium salt until complete receptor inhibition.
  • Spontaneous EPSCs were recorded before and after addition of CNQX disodium salt by holding the neuron at -70 mV and recording for 10 sec.
  • Recordings for EPSCs were made in the absence of GABAA-R antagonists.

Solubility & Handling

Storage instructions Room temperature (desiccate)
Solubility overview Soluble in water (20mM)
Handling Hydroscopic solid, contact with air may cause material to change colour and become sticky. Product performance should not be affected but we recommend storing the material in a sealed jar.
Important This product is for RESEARCH USE ONLY and is not intended for therapeutic or diagnostic use. Not for human or veterinary use.



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Chemical Data

Chemical name 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione disodium
Molecular Weight 276.12
Chemical structure Product image
Molecular Formula C9H2N4O4Na2
CAS Number 479347-85-8
PubChem identifier 2821
SMILES C1=C(C(=CC2=C1N=C(C(=N2)[O-])[O-])[N+](=O)[O-])C#N.[Na+].[Na+]
Source Synthetic
InChi InChI=1S/C9H4N4O4.2Na/c10-3-4-1-5-6(2-7(4)13(16)17)12-9(15)8(14)11-5;;/h1-2H,(H,11,14)(H,12,15);;/q;2*+1/p-2
MDL number MFCD09953908
Appearance Brown or yellow solid

References for CNQX disodium salt

References are publications that support the biological activity of the product
  • 6,7-Dinitro-quinoxaline-2,3-dion and 6-nitro,7-cyano-quinoxaline-2,3-dion antagonise responses to NMDA in the rat spinal cord via an action at the strychnine-insensitive glycine receptor.

    Birch PJ et al (1988) Eur J Pharmacol 156(1) : 177-80.
  • The calpain inhibitor MDL-28170 and the AMPA/KA receptor antagonist CNQX inhibit neurofilament degradation and enhance neuronal survival in kainic acid-treated hippocampal slice cultures.

    Lopez-Picon FR et al (2006) Eur J Neurosci 23(10) : 2686-94.
  • 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) increases GABAA receptor-mediated spontaneous postsynaptic currents in the dentate granule cells of rat hippocampal slices.

    Hashimoto Y et al (2004) Neurosci Lett 358(1) : 33-6.
  • Pharmacological characterization of glutamatergic agonists and antagonists at recombinant human homomeric and heteromeric kainate receptors in vitro.

    Alt et al (2004) Neuropharmacology 46(6) : 793-806
These publications cite the use of CNQX disodium salt purchased from Hello Bio:
  • Early life stress impairs postnatal oligodendrogenesis and adult behavior through activity-dependent mechanisms

    Teissier et al (2018) bioRxiv : 10.1101/369660
  • Tetrabromobisphenol A-induced depolarization of rat cerebellar granule cells: ex vivo and in vitro studies.

    Diamandakis et al (2019) Chemosphere 223 : 67-73
    PubMedID: 30769291
  • Photopotentiation of the GABA<sub>A</sub> receptor with caged diaz

    Sansalone L et al (2019) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 116(42) : 21176-21184
    PubMedID: 31575739
  • Variance analysis as a tool to predict the mechanism underlying synaptic plasticity

    van Huijstee AN et al (2019) J Neurosci Methods 331 : 108526
    PubMedID: 31756397
  • Variance analysis as a tool to predict the mechanism underlying synaptic plasticity

    van Huijstee AN et al (2020) J Neurosci Methods 331 : 108526
    PubMedID: 31756397

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